Complete Orchestra History and Its Origin – Initially the Orchestra came with the initial word Orchestra which meant that the Orchestra came from the Greek language, which was originally a designation for a location where the Greek choir sang and danced. But in the early 18th century, the word “Orchestra” became the name for the players themselves (musicians).
In the 17th century (early Renaissance), the composition of the use of musical instruments incorporated in an orchestra was very diverse, varying from one location to another. This type of strings is more widely played in Italy, France and England. While brass instruments are chosen more by the Germans.
Even at that time, orchestral music was only displayed for aristocracy and royal families, even they ‘employed’ their own orchestral and composer groups. As if, an orchestra group and composer were people who worked for the elite in particular.
One of the first orchestras
One of the first orchestras that began to look similar to the orchestra we know today, was formed in 1607 by Claudio Monteverdi (1567 – 1643). Monteverdi (Renaissance Orchestra), in its opera “Orfeo”, has 40 string musicians, flutes, cornetts and trombones. Within 1 century after that (Johann Sebastian Bach’s time), orchestra development continued to increase, especially in the musical instruments used.
Entering the 1600s until 1750, it was the Baroque era where the composition of musicians in the orchestra consisted of only small groups, namely 6 violins, 3 viola, 2 cellos, and harpsichords. It was at this time that the embryo of modern orchestra began to emerge, including the existence of operas (overture, prelude, aria, recitative and chorus), conerto, sonata and modern records. The family of stringed instruments of the Renaissance (Viol) era began to be replaced with Violin / violin, Viola and Cello. At this time the harpsichord was also created.
The Classical Era began First Time
The Classical Era began to enter from 1750 to 1830 was a time that gave color to sonata music to this day. This era also led to the development of modern concerto, symphony, sonata, trio and quartet. Classical orchestral performances are more structured than in the Baroque era.
In the early 18th century, public concerts had never been done because the orchestra was exclusively owned by the upper class (nobility and elite) exclusively. But finally in 1725 a paid public concert appeared, which was held in France, namely the Spirituels Concert in the hall located in the Tuileries, Paris.
The two composers who finally really stood alone and did not work under certain noble groups were Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791) and Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770 – 1827). The music created by Mozart and Beethoven generally requires musicians up to 40 people.
At the end of the 18th century, public concerts were often held even though the price was still high. However, in the days of Mozart and Haydn, the audience did not sit still like this. They can eat, drink, chat, even fall asleep in the middle of the event.